Shotgun Microphone

Shotgun Microphone

A long, skinny microphone that is connected to a camera or mixer to record sound. Shotgun mics are either mounted directly onto the camera body above the lens or they are connected to a boom pole operated by a sound recordist. Shot gun mics vary according to patterns of how the sound is picked up. Three models are omnidirectional, cardioid and super cardioid. The length of the metal extension on a shotgun mic can vary the distance at which sound is picked up but the type of microphone mechanism determines the directionality of the sound recording.

courtesy of wikipedia